This might be a model used by many British universities and publishers.

This might be a model used by many British universities and publishers.

Example 1: Using Quotations

The extract below, from a paper on Muriel Spark’s The Prime of Miss Jean Brodie, shows how quotations can be used. Because the paper quotes through the novel extensively, page numbers are observed within the main body for the text, in parentheses, after complete bibliographical details have now been provided in a footnote to your quotation that is first. Quotations from secondary sources are referenced by footnotes. Short quotations are included, in quotation marks, inside the main body regarding the paper, whilst the longer quotation, without quotation marks, accocunts for an indented paragraph. Remember that even though the writing by the composer of the paper is combined with quotations from the novel and secondary sources the sentences will always be grammatically correct and coherent.

Jean Brodie is convinced of the rightness of her very own power, and uses it in a frightening custom writings help manner: ‘Give me a woman at an impressionable age, and she actually is mine for life’. 1 this will be Miss Brodie’s adoption of the Jesuit formula, but, she moulds the child for her own ends whereas they claim the child for God. ‘you are mine,’ she says, ‘. of my cut and stamp . ‘ (129). When Sandy, her most pupil that is perceptive sees the ‘Brodie set’ ‘as a body with Miss Brodie for the head’ (36), there is certainly, as David Lodge points out, a biblical parallel with all the Church given that body of Christ. 2 God is Miss Jean Brodie’s rival, and this is demonstrated in a literal way when certainly one of her girls, Eunice, grows religious and is preparing herself for confirmation. She becomes increasingly independent of Miss Brodie’s influence and decides to go on the side that is modern the Senior school although Jean Brodie makes clear her own preference for the Classical. Eunice does not want to continue her role due to the fact group’s jester, or to go with them into the ballet. Cunningly, her tutor tries to regain control by playing on her behalf convictions that are religious

All that term she tried to inspire Eunice in order to become at least a pioneer missionary in some deadly and zone that is dangerous of earth, for it was intolerable to Miss Brodie that any one of her girls should grow up not largely aimed at some vocation. ‘You will definitely turn into a Girl Guide leader in a suburb like Corstorphine’, she said warningly to Eunice, who was simply in reality secretly drawn to this idea and who lived in Corstorphine. (81)

Miss Brodie has different plans for Rose; she is to be a ‘great lover’ (146), and her tutor audaciously absolves her through the sins this will entail: ‘she is above the code that is moral it doesn’t connect with her’ (146). This dismissal of possible retribution distorts the girls’ judgement of Miss Brodie’s actions.

The aforementioned passage is obtained from Ruth Whittaker, The Faith and Fiction of Muriel Spark (London and Basingstoke: MacMillan, 1982), pp.106-7.

Example 2: Laying out a bibliography

The bibliography will usually range from the relevant sources consulted in producing your essay, even when you yourself have not referred to or quoted from their store directly. The order is alphabetical and determined by the authors’ names. Book titles appear in italics or are underlined, whilst article titles come in inverted commas. When talking about books you ought to include the author’s name, place of publication, the publisher, while the date once the book was published. The number and/or volume number, the date of publication and the page numbers to reference the source of an article from a journal include the name of the journal. There are many styles for laying out a bibliography, nevertheless the same elements appear in each, and also you needs to be consistent. Consult the handbooks to be found in the libraries for further details.

This really is a model employed by many universities that are british publishers.

Dahlgren, Pete, Television therefore the Public Sphere (London: Sage Publishers, 1995)
Dubois, Ellen, ‘Antipodean Feminism’, New Left Review, no.206, July/August 1994, 127-33
Fussel, Paul, the truly amazing War and Modern Memory (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1975)
Gledhill, Christine, ‘Melodrama’, in The Cinema Book, ed. Pam Cook (London: BFI, 1985), pp.73-84
Lodge, David, ‘The Uses and Abuses of Omniscience: Method and Meaning in Muriel Spark’s The Prime of Miss Jean Brodie‘ in David Lodge, The Novelist at the Crossroads along with other Essays on Fiction and Criticism (London: Routledge and Kegan Paul, 1971), pp.119-44
Pettifer, James, The Greeks (London: Penguin, 1993)

This is basically the model recommended by the present day Languages Association (MLA) and is used by most universities that are american publishers.

Dahlgren, Pete. Television while the Public Sphere. London: Sage Publishers, 1995.
Dubois, Ellen. “Antipodean Feminism.” New Left Review 206 (July/August 1994): 127-33
Fussel, Paul. The fantastic War and Modern Memory. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1975.
Gledhill, Christine. “Melodrama” in The Cinema Book. Ed. Pam Cook. London: BFI, 1985. 73-84
Lodge, David. “The Uses and Abuses of Omniscience: Method and Meaning in Muriel Spark’s The Prime of Miss Jean Brodie” in David Lodge The Novelist during the Crossroads along with other Essays on Fiction and Criticism. London: Routledge and Kegan Paul, 1971. 119-44
Pettifer, James. The Greeks. London: Penguin, 1993.

The information that is essential by each model is given in the same order, however they differ in the way that the important points are presented. Whichever model you decide on or are instructed to utilize ensure that you stay consistent to it.

Consult reference works well with further advice. These books are regarding the open shelves:
· John Clanchy and Brigid Ballard, How to Write Essays (Melbourne: Longman Cheshire, 1992)
· Joseph Gibaldi, MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers (New York: MLA, 1995)

1 Muriel Spark, The Prime of Miss Jean Brodie (London: Macmillan, 1961), p.7. All references that are further to the edition and given when you look at the text.

2 David Lodge, ‘The Uses and Abuses of Omniscience: Method and Meaning in Muriel Spark’s The Prime of Miss Jean Brodie‘, in David Lodge, The Novelist during the Crossroads along with other Essays on Fiction and Criticism (London: Routledge and Kegan Paul, 1971), pp.119-44.

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